Research and Background

The observational research (feasibilty study) started in 2003 in partnership with Mary McNabb, Anne Haines (Thomas) and Professor Christine McCourt, with support from the National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit. The study used the LK Massage Programme and explored the value of massage in reducing the need for pharmacological analgesia in labour; the environment was an essential facet of this study.

During the feasibility study, Linda worked as a research midwife observing the use of the Programme and as a team they examined in depth the psychological and neuroendocrine responses to its use.

Following this they conducted a pilot Randomised Controlled Trial (Alternative Labour Pain Strategies (ALPS) commenced in January 2005 at the Horton Maternity Hospital and completed in March 2006.


In 2006 Linda became director of Childbirth Essentials® following completion of the two research projects.

Linda, Mary and Anne designed a series of courses for Professionals which continue to be accredited by the Royal College of Midwives, entitled 'Towards Natural Childbirth and Beyond: Neuroendocrine responses to massage in late pregnancy, labour and postpartum: theory and practice'. These courses are for professionals wishing to support women during pregnancy, labour and attachment.

Linda continues to work closely with Mary and over the years the Programme has developed following the current evidence.  They share and bring together their own particular passions and skills to improve women's experience of birth. Linda teaches on the courses and speaks at conferences.

Mary researches the evidence base and continues to inform the scientific underpining of the Programme. She also attends and speaks at conferences

Linda teaches couples interested in learning the Massage Programme, which is a passion of hers.


New Research - 2021 / 2022

We are delighted to report that Chit Ying LAI - RN RM PhD FHKAN
Associate Professor of Practice in Midwifery Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and her team in Hong Kong have conducted a Randomized Controlled trial in two public hospitals, exploring the effects of the Programme on maternal use of pharmacological analgesia in labour.

The research PDF's are available to view from the link on the homepage 


Sing Chu, Midwife /Maternity Department Manager

The LK Massage Programme is outstanding. 

It not only enriches the professional knowledge and massage skills to apply for pregnancy and during childbirth for our midwives, but also benefits the pregnant women and their families in Hong Kong.The professional teaching of the Childbirth Essentials tutors is well received by learners. They are just wonderful!

Kim, Mother

I'd like to thank Linda for helping me and my partner have the best possible birthing experience. We have attended her course for couples twice, once for each of our labours.

I can't recommend it highly enough - the massage techniques really do offer highly effective pain relief I've experienced in labour. (I can compare to tens machine, pethidine, and water bath during my first labour).

Amanda, Midwife

Having witnessed many couples using the LK Massage Programme in labour, previously having taught them during pregnancy, the effect is quite unique in that the bond between the couple appears to be much stronger with the partner having more confidence in their ability to be an effective supporter.

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